Multithreaded device resource manager

Updated: May 06, 2022

Here's the complete code for a simple multithreaded device resource manager:

#include <errno.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stddef.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <string.h>

/*
 * Define THREAD_POOL_PARAM_T such that we can avoid a compiler
 * warning when we use the dispatch_*() functions below
 */
#define THREAD_POOL_PARAM_T dispatch_context_t

#include <sys/iofunc.h>
#include <sys/dispatch.h>

static resmgr_connect_funcs_t    connect_funcs;
static resmgr_io_funcs_t         io_funcs;
static iofunc_attr_t             attr;

int main(int argc, char **argv)
{
    /* declare variables we'll be using */
    thread_pool_attr_t   pool_attr;
    resmgr_attr_t        resmgr_attr;
    dispatch_t           *dpp;
    thread_pool_t        *tpp;
    int                  id;

    /* initialize dispatch interface */
    dpp = dispatch_create_channel(-1, DISPATCH_FLAG_NOLOCK );
    if (dpp == NULL) {
        fprintf(stderr, "%s: Unable to allocate dispatch handle.\n",
                argv[0]);
        return EXIT_FAILURE;
    }

    /* initialize resource manager attributes */
    memset(&resmgr_attr, 0, sizeof resmgr_attr);
    resmgr_attr.nparts_max = 1;
    resmgr_attr.msg_max_size = 2048;

    /* initialize functions for handling messages */
    iofunc_func_init(_RESMGR_CONNECT_NFUNCS, &connect_funcs, 
                     _RESMGR_IO_NFUNCS, &io_funcs);

    /* initialize attribute structure used by the device */
    iofunc_attr_init(&attr, S_IFNAM | 0666, 0, 0);

    /* attach our device name */
    id = resmgr_attach(dpp,            /* dispatch handle        */
                       &resmgr_attr,   /* resource manager attrs */
                       "/dev/sample",  /* device name            */
                       _FTYPE_ANY,     /* open type              */
                       0,              /* flags                  */
                       &connect_funcs, /* connect routines       */
                       &io_funcs,      /* I/O routines           */
                       &attr);         /* handle                 */
    if(id == -1) {
        fprintf(stderr, "%s: Unable to attach name.\n", argv[0]);
        return EXIT_FAILURE;
    }

    /* initialize thread pool attributes */
    memset(&pool_attr, 0, sizeof pool_attr);
    pool_attr.handle = dpp;
    pool_attr.context_alloc = dispatch_context_alloc;
    pool_attr.block_func = dispatch_block; 
    pool_attr.unblock_func = dispatch_unblock;
    pool_attr.handler_func = dispatch_handler;
    pool_attr.context_free = dispatch_context_free;
    pool_attr.lo_water = 2;
    pool_attr.hi_water = 4;
    pool_attr.increment = 1;
    pool_attr.maximum = 50;

    /* allocate a thread pool handle */
    if((tpp = thread_pool_create(&pool_attr, 
                                 POOL_FLAG_EXIT_SELF)) == NULL) {
        fprintf(stderr, "%s: Unable to initialize thread pool.\n",
                argv[0]);
        return EXIT_FAILURE;
    }

    /* Start the threads. This function doesn't return. */
    thread_pool_start(tpp);
    return EXIT_SUCCESS;
}

Most of the code is the same as in the single-threaded example, so we'll cover only those parts that aren't described above. Also, we'll go into more detail on multithreaded resource managers later in this guide, so we'll keep the details here to a minimum.

For this code sample, the threads are using the dispatch_*() functions (i.e., the dispatch layer) for their blocking loops.