creat(), creat64()

Create and open a file (low-level)


#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <fcntl.h>

int creat( const char* path, 
           mode_t mode );

int creat64( const char* path, 
             mode_t mode );


The path of the file you want to open.
The access permissions that you want to use. For more information, see the access permissions in the description of the st_mode member of the stat structure in the entry for stat().



Use the -l c option to qcc to link against this library. This library is usually included automatically.


The creat() and creat64() functions create and open the file specified by path with the given mode. The creat64() function is a large-file support version of creat().

Calling creat() is the same as:

open( path, O_WRONLY | O_CREAT | O_TRUNC, mode );

Similarly, calling creat64() is the same as:

open64( path, O_WRONLY | O_CREAT | O_TRUNC | O_LARGEFILE, mode );

If path exists and is writable, it's truncated to contain no data, and the existing mode setting isn't changed.

If path doesn't exist, it's created with the access permissions specified by the mode argument. The access permissions for the file or directory are specified as a combination of the bits defined in <sys/stat.h>.


A file descriptor on success, or -1 if an error occurs (errno is set).


Indicates one of the following permission problems:
While attempting to open path, the file itself or a component of its path prefix was found to be corrupted. A system failure — from which no automatic recovery is possible — occurred while the file was being written to or while the directory was being updated. The filesystem must be repaired before proceeding.
The file specified by path is a block special device that's already open for writing, or path names a file on a filesystem mounted on a block special device that is already open for writing.
The call to creat() was interrupted by a signal.
The file specified by path is a directory and the file creation flags specify write-only or read/write access.
Too many levels of symbolic links.
All file descriptors available to the process are currently open.
The length of path exceeds PATH_MAX, or a pathname component is longer than NAME_MAX.
Too many files are currently open in the system.
Either the path prefix doesn't exist, or the path argument points to an empty string.
In the directory or filesystem that would contain the new file, there's not enough space available to create a new file or the maximum limit of files has been reached.
The creat() function isn't implemented for the filesystem specified by path.
A component of the path prefix isn't a directory.
The file specified by path resides on a read-only filesystem.


#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <stdlib.h>

int main( void )
    int filedes;

    filedes = creat( "file",
                 S_IRUSR | S_IWUSR | S_IRGRP | S_IWGRP );
    if( filedes != -1 ) {
        /* process file */

        close( filedes );

        return EXIT_SUCCESS;

    return EXIT_FAILURE;


creat() is POSIX 1003.1; creat64() is Large-file support

Cancellation point Yes
Interrupt handler No
Signal handler Yes
Thread Yes

See also:

chsize(), close(), dup(), dup2(), eof(), errno, execl(), execle(), execlp(), execlpe(), execv(), execve(), execvp(), execvpe(), fcntl(), fileno(), fstat(), isatty(), lseek(), open(), read(), sopen(), stat(), tell(), write(), umask()