The QNX Neutrino RTOS provides a rich variety of filesystems. Like most service-providing processes in the OS, these filesystems execute outside the kernel; applications use them by communicating via messages generated by the shared-library implementation of the POSIX API.

These filesystems are resource managers as described in this book. Each filesystem adopts a portion of the pathname space (called a mountpoint) and provides filesystem services through the standard POSIX API (open(), close(), read(), write(), lseek(), etc.). Filesystem resource managers take over a mountpoint and manage the directory structure below it. They also check the individual pathname components for permissions and for access authorizations.

This implementation means that:

There are some special types of filesystems: