logb(), logbf(), logbl()

Compute the radix-independent exponent

Synopsis:

#include <math.h>

double logb ( double x );

float logbf ( float x );

long double logbl ( long double x );

Arguments:

x
The number that you want to compute the radix-independent exponent of.

Library:

libm

Use the -l m option to qcc to link against this library.

Description:

The logb(), logbf(), and logbl() functions compute the exponent part of x, which is the integral part of:

logr |x|

as a signed floating point value, for nonzero finite x, where r is the radix of the machine's floating point arithmetic.

To check for error situations, use feclearexcept() and fetestexcept():

Returns:

The binary exponent of x, a signed integer converted to double-precision floating-point. If x is ±0, a pole error may occur, and the functions return -HUGE_VAL, -HUGE_VALF, and -HUGE_VALL, respectively.

Examples:

#include <stdio.h>
#include <inttypes.h>
#include <math.h>
#include <fenv.h>
#include <stdlib.h>

int main( void )
{
    int except_flags;
    double a, b;

    a = 0.5;
    feclearexcept(FE_ALL_EXCEPT);
    b = logb(a);
    except_flags = fetestexcept(FE_INVALID | FE_DIVBYZERO | FE_OVERFLOW | FE_UNDERFLOW);
    if(except_flags) {
        /* An error occurred; handle it appropriately. */
    }

    printf("logb(%f) = %f (%f = 2^%f) \n", a, b, a, b);

    return EXIT_SUCCESS;
}

produces the output:

logb(0.500000) = -1.000000 (0.500000 = 2^-1.000000)

Classification:

ANSI, POSIX 1003.1

Safety:  
Cancellation point No
Interrupt handler No
Signal handler No
Thread Yes