Create a handle and open a connection to an audio interface specified by name


#include <sys/asoundlib.h>

int snd_pcm_open_name( snd_pcm_t **handle, 
                       char *name, 
                       int mode );


A pointer to a location where snd_pcm_open_name() can store a handle for the audio interface. You'll need this handle when you call the other snd_pcm_* functions.
The name of the PCM device to open. Can be one of the following names (all found under /dev/snd):
  • a symbolic name (for example, pcmPreferredp, pcmPreferredc, or a name an io-audio option specifies).
  • a system-assigned name that identifies the card and device (for example, pcmC0D0c or pcmC0D0p; see Cards and devices in the “Audio Architecture” chapter).
One of:
  • SND_PCM_OPEN_PLAYBACK — open the playback channel (direction).
  • SND_PCM_OPEN_CAPTURE — open the capture channel (direction).

You can OR the following flag with any of the above:

  • SND_PCM_OPEN_NONBLOCK — force the mode to be nonblocking. This affects any reading from or writing to the device that you do later; you can query the device any time without blocking.

    You can change the blocking setup later by calling snd_pcm_nonblock_mode().


Use the -l asound option with qcc to link against this library.


The snd_pcm_open_name() function creates a handle and opens a connection to the named PCM audio interface.

Using names for audio devices (snd_pcm_open_name()) is preferred to using numbers (snd_pcm_open()), although snd_pcm_open_preferred(). remains a good alternative to both.


EOK on success, a negative errno upon failure. The errno values are available in the errno.h file.


The state of handle is invalid, the mode is invalid, or an invalid state change occurred. You can call snd_pcm_channel_status() to check if the state change was invalid.
The named device doesn't exist.
Not enough memory is available to allocate the control structures.
The audio driver version is incompatible with the client library that the application is using.


snd_pcm_open_name(&pcm_handle, "voice", SND_PCM_OPEN_CAPTURE);

See also the example of snd_pcm_open() in Opening your PCM device in the Playing and Capturing Audio Data chapter.


QNX Neutrino

Cancellation point No
Interrupt handler No
Signal handler Yes
Thread Read the Caveats


This function is not thread safe if handle (snd_pcm_t) is used across multiple threads.

Successfully opening a PCM channel doesn't guarantee that there are enough audio resources free to handle your application. Audio resources (e.g. subchannels) are allocated when you configure the channel by calling snd_pcm_channel_params() or snd_pcm_plugin_params() .