ClockTime(), ClockTime_r()

Get or set a clock

Synopsis:

#include <sys/neutrino.h>

int ClockTime( clockid_t id,
               const uint64_t * new,
               uint64_t * old );

int ClockTime_r( clockid_t id,
                 const uint64_t * new,
                 uint64_t * old );

Arguments:

id
The clock ID; one of the following:
  • CLOCK_REALTIME or CLOCK_MONOTONIC, which are the IDs of the clocks that maintain the system time
  • CLOCK_PROCESS_CPUTIME_ID, CLOCK_THREAD_CPUTIME_ID, or a clock ID returned by clock_getcpuclockid(), pthread_getcpuclockid(), or ClockId(), representing the amount of time the process or thread has spent actually running. CLOCK_PROCESS_CPUTIME_ID and CLOCK_THREAD_CPUTIME_ID are special clock IDs that refer to the CPU time of the calling process and thread, respectively. See "Monitoring execution times" in the Tick, Tock: Understanding the Microkernel's Concept of Time chapter of the QNX Neutrino Programmer's Guide.

For more information about the different clocks, see "Other clock sources" in the Clocks, Timers, and Getting a Kick Every So Often of Getting Started with QNX Neutrino.

new
NULL, or a pointer to the absolute time, in nanoseconds, to set the clock to. This is used only if id is CLOCK_REALTIME.
old
NULL, or a pointer to a location where the function can store the current time (before being changed by a non-NULL new).

Library:

libc

Use the -l c option to qcc to link against this library. This library is usually included automatically.

Description:

You can use these kernel calls to:

The ClockTime() and ClockTime_r() functions are identical except in the way they indicate errors. See the Returns section for details.

Note: Instead of using these kernel calls directly, consider calling clock_gettime() or clock_settime().

If new isn't NULL, then it contains the absolute time, in nanoseconds, to set the system clock to. This affects the software clock maintained by the system. It doesn't change any underlying hardware clock that maintains the time when the system's power is turned off.

Note: In order to set the clock, your process must have the PROCMGR_AID_CLOCKSET ability enabled. For more information, see procmgr_ability(). You set the time only when the id is CLOCK_REALTIME.

If you call ClockTime() to set the time of day, the kernel checks to see if the SYSPAGE_ENTRY(qtime)->boot_time field is zero. If it is, the kernel sets it to the appropriate value. There's a -T option for all startup programs that prevents the setting of this field, so that the kernel will set it the first time you call ClockTime() to change the time of day. This is useful if the RTC hardware isn't in UTC.

Once set, the system time increments by some number of nanoseconds, based on the resolution of the system clock. You can query or change this resolution by using the ClockPeriod() kernel call.

Blocking states

These calls don't block.

Returns:

The only difference between these functions is the way they indicate errors:

ClockTime()
If an error occurs, the function returns -1 and sets errno. Any other value returned indicates success.
ClockTime_r()
EOK is returned on success. This function does NOT set errno. If an error occurs, the function returns a value in the Errors section.

Errors:

EFAULT
A fault occurred when the kernel tried to access the buffers provided.
EINVAL
The clock ID isn't valid, or you tried to set the time for an ID other than CLOCK_REALTIME.
EPERM
The process tried to change the time without having the required permission; see procmgr_ability().
ESRCH
The process associated with this request doesn't exist.

Classification:

QNX Neutrino

Safety:  
Cancellation point No
Interrupt handler No
Signal handler Yes
Thread Yes