Manage adaptive scheduler partitions


aps show [-d delay] [-f shorthand] [-l] [-v...]
         [partition_name ...]

aps create -b budget [-B critical_budget] [-m max_budget] partition_name

aps modify [-b budget] [-B critical_budget] [-m max_budget] partition_name

aps modify [-y bankruptcy_policy ...] [-S scheduling_policy...]
           [-s security_policy ...] [-w windowsize_ms]

Runs on:

QNX Neutrino


-B milliseconds
Specify the critical CPU budget, in milliseconds. The default is 0.
-b budget
Specify the CPU budget as a percentage.
-d delay
The delay period, in tenths of a second, when using the -l option. The default is 50.
-f shorthand
Display the information specified by shorthand:
  • all — all the below
  • overall_stats — information about the last bankruptcy
  • scheduler — parameters for the thread scheduler, including the current security setting, bankruptcy policy, and the size of the averaging window
  • partitions — information about the partitions, including their names, IDs, parent IDs, budgets, critical budgets, and the process and thread IDs of the last thread to go bankrupt
  • usage — the amount of budget and critical budget that each partition is currently using

The default is usage.

("el") Loop mode; display the information at the interval specified by the -d option.
-m max_budget
Specify the maximum CPU time, in percent, that the partition may consume if it has no competition (i.e., freetime). The -m option has an effect only if limit_cpu_usage is set (e.g., aps modify -S limit_cpu_usage).
-S scheduling_policy
Specify the policies for the adaptive partitioning scheduler. Each scheduling_policy must be one of:
  • normal
  • freetime_by_ratio
  • partition_local_priorities
  • limit_cpu_usage
  • no_long_reporting

The default is normal. For more information about the policies, see "Scheduling policies" in the entry for SchedCtl() in the QNX Neutrino C Library Reference.

-s security_policy
Specify the security policies to add to the system. Each security_policy must be one of:
  • root0_overall
  • root_makes_partitions
  • sys_makes_partitions
  • parent_modifies
  • nonzero_budgets
  • root_makes_critical
  • sys_makes_critical
  • root_joins
  • sys_joins
  • parent_joins
  • join_self_only
  • partitions_locked
  • recommended
  • flexible
  • basic
  • none

The default is none. For more information about the policies, see the description of SCHED_APS_ADD_SECURITY in the entry for SchedCtl() in the QNX Neutrino C Library Reference.

Note: Once you've added a security policy, you can't remove it, except by rebooting the system.
Be verbose; display more information with the show command, especially with the usage shorthand:
  • -v — display the budget usage over the last averaging window, window 2 (typically 10 times the length of the averaging window), and window 3 (typically 100 times the length of the averaging window)
  • -vv — display the budget usage and critical budget usage over the last averaging window, window 2, and window 3
-w windowsize_ms
Set the size of the averaging window, in milliseconds, for the system. You can set the window size to any value from 8 ms to 400 ms.
Note: If you change the tick size of the system at runtime, do so before defining the adaptive partitioning scheduler's window size. That's because QNX Neutrino converts the window size from milliseconds to clock ticks for internal use.

For more information, see "Choosing the window size" in the System Considerations chapter of the Adaptive Partitioning User's Guide.

-y bankruptcy_policy
Set the bankruptcy policy for the system to the specified items. Each bankruptcy_policy must be one of:
  • cancel_budget — set the offending partition's critical budget to zero, which forces the partition to be scheduled by its percentage CPU budget only. This also means that a second bankruptcy can't occur.
  • log — not currently implemented.
  • reboot — cause the system to crash with a brief message identifying the offending partition. This is the most severe response, suggested for use while testing a product, to make sure bankruptcies are never ignored. You probably shouldn't use this option in your finished product.
  • basic — deliver bankruptcy-notification events and make the partition out-of-budget for the rest of the scheduling window (nominally 100 ms).
  • recommended — the combination of cancel_budget and log.
  • none — do nothing.

The default is basic. For more information about the policies, see "Handling bankruptcy" in the entry for SchedCtl() in the QNX Neutrino C Library Reference.


Use the aps command to create, modify, and query adaptive partitions from the command line, as well as to set the averaging window, and the security and bankruptcy policies for the entire system.

Note: You can't include slashes (/) in a partition name.

To launch an application into a partition, use the -Xaps option to the on command.


Create a partition called Drivers with a budget of 20% and a critical budget of 5 milliseconds:

aps create -b 20 -B 5 Drivers

Change the Drivers partition's budget to 25% and its critical budget to 7 milliseconds:

aps modify -b 25 -B 7 Drivers

Specify a bankruptcy policy of recommended and a security policy of root_makes_partitions for the entire system:

aps modify -y recommended -s root_makes_partitions

Display the amount of the budget and critical budget that the partitions are using, every 2 seconds:

aps show -l -d 20 -f usage

Since usage is the default shorthand for the -f option, the above command is the same as:

aps show -l -d 20