Execute a command on another node or tty (QNX Neutrino)
on [-C cpunum] [-d] [-h] [-n|f nodename] [-P] [-p priority[policy]] [-R runmask] [-s] [-t tty] [-u user | -l user_name] [-W nsec] [-w device] [-Xsched_command] [command [args]]
Priorities are in the range from 0 through 255. Priority 0 is used for the idle thread; by default, priorities of 64 and greater are privileged, so only processes with an effective user ID of 0 (i.e. root) can use them. Non-root (and root) processes can use priorities from 1 through 63.
You can change the range of privileged priorities with the -P option for procnto.
The scheduling policy must be one of:
If you don't specify a command, the change applies to the parent process.
This option was added in the QNX Neutrino Core OS 6.3.2.
The on utility extends the process creation abilities of the shell (sh). You can start a process on a remote node, on a different controlling terminal, in a HELD state for debugging or later synchronized starting.
If the -d option isn't specified, a network connection is created as a local agent for the remote child process. When the child terminates, the parent must do a wait() on the created connection to reap the zombie process entry for the child. If the -d option is specified, the command is detached from its parent. The parent isn't able to do a wait() for the child, nor is it able to control it via signals.
By default, the command is run in the current session. The -t option starts a new session, which means the command won't receive a SIGHUP if the current session leader terminates.
|The on -t command becomes the new session leader on the tty specified, i.e. it receives SIGHUP generated by hangups on that tty. Any processes originally running on that tty don't get SIGHUP, and this condition persists even when the process started by on has terminated. For this reason, specify only ttys that aren't currently in use.|
The -f and -n options look similar, but they're subtly different. To illustrate this, let's consider two nodes, this_node and that_node. On each node, we'll create a copy of the sleep command, appending the node name; on the this_node node, this looks like this:
cp /usr/bin/sleep /tmp/sleep_this_node
Now, let's run the sleep_that_node command with the -f and -n options:
$ on -f /net/that_node /tmp/sleep_that_node 1 $ on -n /net/that_node /tmp/sleep_that_node 1 on: No such file or directory (/tmp/sleep_that_node)
The first command succeeds because we're using /net/that_node as the network root, and that's where sleep_that_node exists. The second command fails because sleep_that_node doesn't exist on our local node.
$ on -f /net/that_node /tmp/sleep_this_node 1 on: No such file or directory (/tmp/sleep_this_node) $ on -n /net/that_node /tmp/sleep_this_node 1
This time, the first command fails because sleep_this_node doesn't exist on /net/that_node. The second command finds sleep_this_node on the local node, and executes it on /net/that_node.
As a more useful example, let's use pidin to get information about the processes running on that_node:
on -f /net/that_node pidin | less
If you use the -n option instead, like this:
on -n /net/that_node pidin | less
you get information about the processes running on this_node, but the command is executed on that_node.
On a multicore system, you can use a runmask to specify which processors a thread or process can run on. The default is all 1s (i.e. all CPUs).
|The runmask is useful only on multiprocessor systems.|
You can use on to set the runmask and inherit mask for a new process; to change the masks for threads that are already running, use slay. Both commands interpret the -C and -R options in the same way.
You can use more than one -R option to specify a runmask that's more than 32 bits long. The first -R option specifies bits 0 through 31, the second specifies bits 32 through 63, and so on.
If you use both the -C and -R options or multiple instances of them, the resultant mask is the bitwise ORing of all -C and -R options. For example, on -R 0x1 is equivalent to on -C0, and on -R 0x1 -C3 is equivalent to on -C0 -C3. The on command sets the process's runmask and inherit mask to the same value.
For more information about runmasks, see the Multicore Processing chapter of the System Architecture guide, and the Developing Multicore Systems chapter of the Multicore Processing User's Guide.
Run login on console 2:
on -t con2 login
Run who on the node named ruth:
on -n ruth who
Run sort as an orphan on the node named peterv:
on -d -n peterv sort file.dat
Run who on node george with a new session, its standard I/O connected to console 1 on node ruth:
on -t /net/ruth/dev/con1 -n george who
The on utility exits with the exit status of command. If you specify the -w option, on exits with a status of 0 on success, or a nonzero value if a timeout occurred.
nice, sh, slay
stat() in the Library Reference
Multicore Processing chapter of the System Architecture guide, the Multicore Processing User's Guide
Adaptive Partitioning User's Guide